There are two ways in which you can do counting in Spanish. One is to memorise all the numbers. The other way is to understand how Spanish numbers are formed.
Spanish numbers are not formed in the same way to the way they are in English. An added dimension is that some Spanish numbers actually change according to the gender of the noun that they are associated with.
So let’s have a go at counting in Spanish. What follows is a list of very basic Spanish numbers and the patterns in which they are formed. Take note that some of these numbers are in italics, some are not. The ones in our italics change with the gender, the others do not.
22. veintidós 24. veinticuatro
31. treinta y uno
32. treinta y dos
33. treinta y tres
41. cuarenta y uno
42. cuarenta y dos
101. ciento uno
102. ciento dos
103. ciento tres
110. ciento diez
199. ciento noventa y nueve
201. doscientos uno
202. doscientos dos
203. doscientos tres
251. doscientos cincuenta y uno
252. doscientos cincuenta y dos
2.000. dos mil
3.000. tres mil
3.333. tres mil trescientos treinta y tres
1,000,000. un millón
1,000,000,000. mil millones
How does counting in Spanish change with gender?
First of all what is this business about gender? In English we don’t ascribe masculine or feminine identities to nouns. In fact English speakers are the oddballs here. In French and in German this is common. However, in those languages the numbers do not change with the gender. Okay, I should stop confusing you now.
Here is how it works.Any number ending in uno takes on the form un if before a masculine noun, and una before a feminine noun. Examples: La casa (feminine), therefore una casa. El coche (masculine), therefore un coche. Now all you need to know is which nouns and are feminine in which are masculine!
Don’t worry millions have learned to speak correct Spanish before you. So with the right Spanish lessons online, or Spanish course, you also will get to see the light at the end of the tunnel. Just persist.
There is of course much more to it than this and you should not expect to learn to know the intricacies about counting in Spanish by reading this one page on the Internet.